Category: About Nepal
Although being small in area than many other countries, Nepal has various diversities. Many people may not have heard about Nepal, but those who have heard, they definitely know what the country has to offer. Nepal is a beautiful landlocked country surrounded by China to the north and India to the east, west, and south. With an estimated population of about 28.5 million (2015), Nepal has about over 100 ethnic groups with 70 spoken languages. With the total area of lands 147,181 sq. km., Nepal is divided mainly in to three regions; Himalayan, Hill, and Terai. Nepal has different altitudes from the top of the world Mt. Everest (8848 m) to low land Kechana Kalan (70 m) above the sea level.
More than 70% of the people living in Nepal are Hindu, living together with Buddhist, Muslims, Christians, Sikh, Jain, and other indigenous religion. Despite the mixed religion, people here live in harmony. Festivals like Dashain, Tihar, Holi, Buddha Purnima, Eid, Ramadan, Christmas, and others celebrated here and are given equal importance. To celebrate these festivals Government of Nepal declare public holidays. People of all religion take part and it is good to see that people love to celebrate these festivals.
Although being small in the area, Nepal is a home to almost 100 ethnic groups. So it is obvious that people here have different culture and lifestyle and celebrates different festivals throughout the year. Almost every month, people celebrate different festivals; Dashain being one of the most celebrated festivals of Hindu followed by Tihar, Holi, Shivaratri, Indra Jatra, and many more. Buddha Purnima and Pancha Daan are celebrated by the Buddhist whereas Eid and Ramadan are celebrated by Muslims community people. Christmas and New Year is celebrated by Christian as well as other people of other communities.
Terai, Hilly and Mountain Region of Nepal
Within a few hundred kilometers, you can feel the change in altitude, vegetation, and weather. Flat Terai region is where most of the people do farming and agriculture is main occupation. Terai is also knows as granary of Nepal because of mass production of rice, wheat, lentils and fruits. Besides agriculture and animal husbandry, there are many big industries established here. Most of the major factories are located here in Terai. Being close to the border of India, most of the culture, lifestyle, and living are similar to India.
Just above the Terai, there is a hill region. It is the center part of the country. With some plain lands, this region has hills and valleys. Newars, Chettris, Brahmins, Sherpas, Rai, Limbu, and people from other communities live in this region. Agriculture, tourism, arts, and culture are the major attractions of this region. Cities like Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, and Patan, are famous for its cultural heritage and is home of different arts, culture, festivals, and rituals whereas cities like Pokhara, Bandipur, Surkhet, etc. are the famous tourist hub to observe natural beauty. The weather in this region is not so hot and not so cold.
The other region is the mountain region. 8 out of 10 8,000 meter mountains are located in this region. The weather here is mostly cold throughout the year. During the winter, these regions are covered with snow. Some of the famous trekking routes like Everest Base Camp, Annapurna Base Camp, Mardi Himal Base Camp, and others are the major attractions for tourists in this region. Many tourists spend days over the lap of these beautiful mountains.
Flora and Fauna of Nepal
With the difference in altitude and topography, Nepal is a home to various flora and fauna. Low lands is a home to different wildlife like deer, tigers, one-horn rhinoceros, alligators, crocodiles, elephants, and different species of birds. Shorea robusta (sal), Bombax (semal), Pinus (pine), etc. are the different species of trees found in this low plain lands. In the hill region, different species of rhododendron, oaks, bamboo, maples, etc. can be found. Wild boar, barking deer, leopard, bear, ghorals, etc. can be found inside the dense forests in this region along with some species of pigeons, parrots, sparrows, etc. High Himalayas is home to different animals like blue sheep, yaks, musk deer, red panda, etc. and birds like Lophophorus (national bird of Nepal) can be found in this region.